There are many possible causes of pelvic pain and pelvic floor muscle dysfunction and the reason for your individual pain should always be discussed with your GP or physiotherapist. They may refer you onto a specialist gynaecologist, urologist, gastroenterologist or other specialist depending on the cause of your pain.
Pelvic pain or chronic pelvic pain which has a musculoskeletal origin is often treated by a specialist pelvic physiotherapist (sometime referred to as a women’s health physiotherapist or men’s health physiotherapist).
What is the Pelvic Floor
The Pelvic Floor is made up of the muscles, ligaments, nerves and tissue that sits at the base of the pelvis. It attaches to the pubic bone at the front all the way through to the tailbone at the back. It is often described as acting like a sheath or sling to support the pelvic organs – the bladder, bowels and reproductive organs but also assists in bladder, bowel, sexual function as well as trunk stability and mobility.
The pelvic floor supports the pelvic organs, assists in bladder, bowel and sexual function and provides trunk stability and mobility.
What is Chronic Pelvic Pain?
Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) is any pain in or around the pelvis that lasts for more than 6 months, it can affect both men and women and can occur at any age. CPP can impact on every aspect daily life and can change the way an individual behaves emotionally and physically.
Pelvic Floor Muscle Dysfunction refers to a state in which the muscles of the Pelvic Floor are not working optimally. In some patients this may mean there is excessive muscle tension, scarring or the presence of trigger points (areas of muscle spasm).